History of the manufacture and production of glass figurines and glass animals

Everyone knows glass figures, some more filigree than others and yet singular and graceful in every form. They are available in any design and color scheme. The origin and the production are as unique as the glass figurines themselves. We will further explain this topic today in this blog and explore the history and manufacture of glass animals and figures.

The beginnings of hand-blown glass production go back to the year 1000 AD. back. At that time, in addition to the production of slug panes- circular, palm-sized pieces of glass for glazing windows or cylinders could also be blown, which were then rolled flat. Bumps, inclusions in the glass and fluctuations in thickness were essential at this time. In the past, glass plates were produced using a casting process for the production of high-quality glasses.

The glass tradition began in Venice and was linked to the trade in Byzantine (Eastern Roman Empire) glass products, which were imported and exported in Europe already in the 10th century. With knowledge generated in the archives, it is possible to trace back that the first registered glassmakers, also known as "Bottler", were around the 11th century. In the 15th century, the secret of glass coloring was revealed by Angelo Barovier and for the first time "crystal clear", cloudy glass was produced in Europe. Many new techniques have been developed over time (such as Scavo, a technique in which ancient objects are reproduced in terms of shape and surface structure). In the 19th and 20th centuries in particular, art glass as we know it now was shaped. As a result, the peak of art glass was in the 20th century, as the awareness of this art increased during this time.

Nowadays, glass figures are mainly made from colorful glass rods, which were previously made in the "glass houses". Many glassblowers use nature as an inspiration for the glass figures and animals. The texture of the glass is fundamentally different to that of the bottles and glasses for use. When manufacturing Glass figures and glass animals are mostly made of quartz sand and various plasticizers such as soda or glass Potash, so-called soft glass, is used. The plasticizers are used for longer processing of the glass flame, which is necessary to avoid the glass from becoming brittle or dull. By heating the glass rods in an open flame, the material is shaped. A lot of tact and calm is required around the glass figures or glass animals to be able to shape and blow precisely. 

Variations such as glass flowers for decoration, glass animals (dogs, cats, horses, exotic animals) in any size or special designs such as candle light holders or vases accompany the art glass on its way- understanding the nature and the reflection of the view of the uniqueness of our environment form the handmade and mouth-blown art glass. Abstract glass figures and unusual glass productions expand the field of art and make the craft a very interesting and fascinating decorative highlight. 

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